If you have a BA or MA in laboratory work, you will be automatically recognized as a lab technician in Israel. If you studied other areas, you will be required to work for 6 months in a recognized laboratory. At the end of the work period, you will need to take a licensing exam.
The role of optometrists is to provide vision care, not to function as eye doctors, and many of the responsibilities held by optometrists in North America are only performed in Israel by ophthalmologists.
In Jerusalem, it is very popular to hire a Doula, but it is still not totally accepted in the center of the country. Some hospitals fear that Doulas may interfere with the medical staff while other hospitals just prefer that you use their own in-house Doulas.