If you are fired or laid off, here is the procedure you must follow in order to receive unemployment benefits:
- Register with your local branch of Sherut HaTaasuka (Employment Office).
- File a claim with Bitauch Leumi (National Insurance Institute).
Lishkat HaTaasuka (Employment Office)
You must register with your local Lishkat HaTaasuka before filing a claim with Bituach Leumi. You must bring your Teudat Zehut with you and declare that you are not working but are ready and willing to do so when you find suitable employment.
The role of Lishkat HaTaasuka is to help find you suitable employment. The office has two separate tracks: one for those who have an academic degree and the other for those who do not. If you have an academic degree from abroad, it must be officially recognized by Misrad HaChinuch. In order to have the degree recognized, please bring your documents to the Misrad HaChinuch offices in Jerusalem at 2 Devorah HaNeviah, Komah 0, Room 8. The phone number is (02)560-2853, and the office is open to the public from 10 – 1 on Mondays and Wednesdays. As the recognition process can take several weeks, it is recommended that you register with Lishkat HaTaasuka first and then bring your documents to Misrad HaChinuch so that you can begin the process of receiving unemployment benefits.
An individual’s education, skills and experience are taken into account in trying to find appropriate employment. You are obligated to follow up on job leads and suggestions that are brought to you by the counselor. Please be aware that if the employment counselor finds you a job that is considered suitable and you choose not to accept it, your unemployment benefits may cease.
The counselor will assign you a set follow up plan. Those under the age of 50 must appear at the office once a week while those over age 50 must appear once a month.
If you find part time employment during this time, you are obligated to inform your employment counselor, but, depending on the wage and conditions, it may not affect your benefits.
For a listing of Lishkat Taasuka branch offices, click here.
For details about the Employment Office, please click here
Bituach Leumi is the agency that determines eligibility for unemployment insurance and issues the payments. The purpose of unemployment insurance is to provide a person who is unemployed against his/her will with alternative income for a limited period, in order to enable him/her to look for appropriate employment. Those who quit their jobs are entitled to unemployment benefits starting 90 days from their last day of work but this is to be determined by Bituach Leumi.
In order to receive unemployment benefits for the first time, you must apply to the Bituach Leumi branch near your place of residence and submit a claim for payment. You must have worked for an Israeli employer for at least 12 months consecutively or, if not consecutive, then for at least 300 days out of the previous year and a half. If you had been working for a foreign employer, you are not entitled to benefits.
The following documents must be presented:
- A completed Bituach Leumi unemployment claim form which is available online or at the Lishkat HaTaasuka.
- A letter from your employer citing the reason for your termination and the start and end dates of your employment.
- Monthly salary stubs from at least the previous 12 months which include the number of days worked each month.
If eligible, you will receive a monthly payment from Bituach Leumi. The sum is calculated as a daily rate and is based on a percentage of your previous monthly salary. The maximum amount of unemployment benefit is NIS 422.04 per day for the first 125 days of payment.
The payments will be retroactive from the day that you registered with Lishkat HaTaasuka — not from the day that you stopped working — so it is important to register with the Lishka immediately upon termination.
The length of the period for which unemployment benefits will be received is based on age and the number of children you have. The maximum number of days for which the benefits can received is 175 (not including Shabbat and holidays) – and this length is generally for people over the age of 45. Those between the ages of 35 and 45 generally receive benefits for 138 days and those under age 35 generally receive the benefits for 100 days – but these amounts can be increased based on the number of children you have and will be determined by Bituach Leumi. After 125 days of benefits, the daily amount received is reduced.
You are allowed to file for unemployment benefits twice in a four year period. If you filed with Bituach Leumi, began receiving payments, found work and then were fired or laid off again, you will be entitled to restart the payments if you did not use the maximum number of days to which you were entitled originally. If you did use the maximum number of days, found work and then were unemployed again, you can re-apply for unemployment payments but it is considered a second round.
Additional details as to eligibility requirements for unemployment benefits can be found on the Bituach Leumi website. For additional questions, please contact your local branch of Bituach Leumi or call: *6050 or 12226050
For a translated version of the employment claim form, please see: Bituah Leumi – T1500 unemployment Nov13.